Ruby is known for its simplicity and readability. It was designed with the goal of making programming enjoyable for its developers.
PHP is widely used for web development, especially for the creation of dynamic websites. It is known for its straightforward syntax and simplicity of use, making it suitable for beginners.
Swift is Apple's programming language for developing apps for iOS, macOS, watchOS, and tvOS. It is easy to understand and write, making it an excellent alternative for individuals interested in mobile app development.
While not technically programming languages, HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) and CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) are essential for web development. They are straightforward and necessary for creating web pages.
Go, often known as Golang, is intended to be simple and efficient. Its standard library is compact and straightforward, making it easy to learn and master.
Scratch is a computer language for kids and people who are just starting out. It uses a block-based way of writing, so you don't have to worry about syntax mistakes. It's a great choice for people who have never programmed before.
C# is widely used for game development (using Unity) and Windows application development. It is well-documented and has a reasonably moderate learning curve.
While not as commonly used today, BASIC (Beginner's All-Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code) was designed specifically for beginners. It's straightforward and was historically used as an educational tool.