What is Unicode & Ascii code

What is Unicode?

Unicode is a universal character encoding standard. It defines to  represents the text files, documents, web pages, and most of the world’s  writing systems, It is known as “Unicode” The Unicodes provide a consistent way of coding multilingual plain, which makes it easier to text all the files internationally. 

The most commonly used encodings are UTF-8( Which uses one byte for any  ASCII characters, Which have the same code value in both ASCII and UTF-8  coding and end up to 4 bytes for other characters. Unicode is required with XML, the Java language programming language, JavaScript, XML, LDAP, and other web-based technologies etc. 

What is ascii code?

ASCII stands for (American Standard Code for Information Interexchange).  It is an alphanumeric code that is used for representing the  numbers, alphabets, punctuations symbols and other characters, It is  known as ASCII code.  It is a code that represents the represent 10 decimal digits, 26  alphabets, and certain other symbols such as punctuation marks and  special characters. 

ASCII code is a seven bit code that means it is used  for identifying key press on the Keyboard. As, you know it is a seven  bit character code but for all the practical purposes it is an eight bit  code  ASCII developed from telegraphic codes in 1963. It is published by X3 committee, Which is a part of ASA (American Standards Association)