Before knowing analog and digital signals, first, let’s see what is signal?
What is Signal?
A Signal is an electromagnetic wave that is used to communicate system-to-system by sending data from one network to another network is basically known as “Signal”.
In a computer network there are mainly two types of signals are:
- Analog Signal
- Digital Signal
What is Analog Signal?
An Analog signal is a signal which is continuous and has a time-varying feature. It is a representation of time-varying quantity. For example, the Human voice can be considered an analog signal because the signal of the human voice flows in a continuous manner.
In other words, we can say that the analog signal is represented by the continuous variable which transmits the information/data as a response to physical phenomenon. It is known as an “Analog Signal”
Examples of digital signals are Temperature, Pressure, Flow Measurement, etc.
Types of Analog Signal
- Simple Analog Signal
- Composite Analog Signal
What is Digital Signal?
As the word suggests “Digital” which means it describes the electronic technology that generates signals. It is a physical signal that is represented by two discrete values “0” & “1”, these discrete values are known as bitstream.
(If you want to know more about these discrete values then you should read our this article: What is the difference Between Bit and Byte?
In simple words, we can say that the binary signals are known as “Digital signals” where the signals are converted into a small bit form which is represented by a series of “0” & “1”.
Examples of digital signals are Motor, Digital Phones, Digital pens, etc
Difference between Analog and Digital Signal
|Analog Signal||Digital Signal|
|Signal||1) In an Analog, signals are continuous.||1) In a Digital, Signals are discrete.|
|Transformation||2) In analog systems electronic circuits are|
used for the transformation of signals.
|2) In Digital Signals, the transformation|
is done using the logic circuit.
|Transmission||3) Data transmission is not of high quality.||3) Data transmission has high quality.|
|Flexibility||4) In an Analog signal, their hardware is not flexible.||4) In Digital signals, their hardware is not flexible.|
|Noise||5) Analog signals are more likely to get affected and result in reduced accuracy.||5) Digital signals are discrete time signals that are generated by digital modulation.|
|Power Consumptions||6) Analog signals use more power.||6) Digital signals use less power compared to analog.|
|Waves||7) It is denoted by the sine waves.||7) It is denoted by the square form.|
|Example||8) Human Voice, Tape recorder, Temperature, etc.||8) Mp3 players, Digital phones, computers, etc.|