Types of Desktop Operating System | Computer OS

As In our Previous blog on Operating System we discussed that “what is Operating System and how many of its types are”. If you haven’t seen this blog then go and watch out. So, In today’s blog, we will see that “How many types of desktop operating system”

Let’s started…


In today’s time, everyone uses smart devices like mobile, PC, laptop, mp3 player, iPod, tablet, TV, etc, and many more devices. All these devices work with the operating system. No matter what device you have they all devices worked with different types of operating systems. So, now I am going to tell you about all these operating systems. let’s see how many types of desktop operating systems.

Types of Desktop Operating System

If we talked about Desktop/Computer Operating system. There are common three types of operating systems:

  • Windows Operating System
  • Macintosh Operating system
  • Unix/Linux operating system

Windows Operating System

Windows Operating System is a Graphical User Interface GUI-based operating system. This OS was developed by Microsoft and this is the most popular operating system all over the world. The reason for this OS popularity is User Interface, Windows OS is a user-friendly operating system that allows the user to do all the things that other operating systems do not provide. Like they can run any software in this OS, Store any files or data, download and watch any video on the internet, the main thing is it provides the user to play any games in this OS and many other things it can allow.

The first release of this Operating System was in November 1985 with the name MS-DOS (Micro-System Disk Operating System).

After that Microsoft release many other versions of Windows. Name of all the versions they release are:

  • Windows 1.0
  • Windows 3.0
  • Windows 95
  • Windows NT 3.1, 3.51, 4.0
  • Window 98
  • Windows 2000
  • Windows XP
  • Windows Vista
  • Windows 7, 8, 10, and finally 11 (which was release in june 2021).

Macintosh Operating System

Macintosh OS is also a GUI-based Operating System, Which is introduced by Apple Inc. (an American Computer Company) in 1984. This Operating System is built with UNIX related system and It is designed to use for Personal use like we can use it for browsing, watching movies & series, listening song, using E-mail, video call, playing games, etc. and many other types of work.

The first version release from apple with the name of Mac Os X in march 2001.

After that, they release many other versions of macOS are:

  • Mac OS X 10.1 (Puma)
  • Mac OS X 10.2 (Jaguar)
  • Mac OS X 10.3 (Panther)
  • Mac OS X 10.4 (Tiger)
  • Mac OS X 10.5 (Leopard)
  • Mac OS X 10.6 (Snow Leopard)
  • Mac OS X 10.7 (Lion)
  • Mac OS X 10.8 (Mountain Lion)
  • Mac OS X 10.9 (Mavericks)
  • Mac OS X 10.10 (Yosemite)
  • Mac OS X 10.11 (El Capitan)
  • Mac OS X 10.12 (Sierra)
  • Mac OS X 10.13 (High Sierra)
  • Mac OS X 10.14 (Mojave)
  • Mac OS X 10.15 (Catalina)
  • Mac OS X 11 (Big Sur)
  • Mac OS x 12 (Monterey)

Linux Operating system

Linux Operating system is an Open source software. It is a UNIX-like Operating system that is based on “Linux Kernal”. As it is open-source software it means we can use it for free and it is freely available. This Operating System is designed to run on hardware from phones to high-level computers like it is mostly used in medium-sized computers, Mainframe computers, Supercomputers, etc, and many other high levels of computers.

The first release of this Operating System was in September 1991 by “Linus Torvalds” with the name Linux 0.01.

There are some popular Linux distributions are Debian, Gentoo, Ubuntu, Linux Mint, Red Hat Enterprise Linux, Fedora OS, Cent OS, Deepin OS, Kali Linux, Arch Linux, and many others. These distributions are used on a Desktop computer Which includes a desktop environment such as KDE Plasma and Gnome.

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